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Water Conservation Tips
How Much Water Are We Using?

The average American uses 60 gallons of water at home each day. Flushing, bathing, and laundering are the largest in house uses - but that doesn't include car washing, lawn watering, and other outdoor water use. Here are some ways to cut down on water use:

Sensible Car Washing
Wash your car in sections and rinse with short spurts from the hose. If you need to wash often, go to a car wash that recycles water. Try to wash cars near plant life to allow overflow to benefit the greenery.

Optimal Watering
Water slowly and as infrequently as possible. Water at night to minimize evaporation. Keep a close watch on wind shifts while using sprinklers. 

Practice Water Savings Horticulture
Select hardy species that don’t need as much water. (Try native plants.) Mulch heavily. Let grass grow higher in dry weather – saves burning and saves water.
A large amount of water can be saved. 

Prevent Evaporation and Splashing in the pool
Cover when not in use to prevent evaporation (and accidents!) and to keep clean. Don’t fill up high!– water splashes easily. Recycle wading pool water for plants, shrubs and lawns.
A large amount of water can be saved.

Garbage grinders
Use Sparingly. If you know a dog, cat, horse, hamster, pig, etc., your garbage can be their food. Start a compost pile. Use recycled water. Use the garbage can more.
A small, but significant amount of water can be saved. 

Clean Vegetables and Fruit Efficiently
Use vegetable brush for fruits and vegetables. If you have a hand sprayer, use it sparingly with short bursts of water.
A small, but significant amount of water can be saved.

Defrost Without Water
Plan ahead to thaw frozen foods and ice trays in the air when possible.
A small, but significant amount of water can be saved.

Handwash Dishes Efficiently
Scrape dishes with paper napkins from meal. Rinse all at once. Soak pots and pans overnight if very dirty. Cut clean-up by serving more single dish meals.
A medium amount of water can be saved.

Dishwasher
Use it efficiently. Pre-clean dishes with paper napkins from meal. Soak pots and pans overnight if necessary. Wash only full loads. Experiment to discover the least possible detergent necessary. This will cut down on suds residue.
A medium amount of water can be saved. 

Household Cleaning
Use Less Water. Recycled water is great for heavy cleaning followed by a clean rinse. Use least possible soap or cleaning agent. To cut down on rinse water, presoak
A small, but significant amount of water can be saved.

Drinking Water
Keep Bottle of Drinking Water in Refrigerator .Don’t run tap waiting for cold water without collection for other use. Make only the amount of coffee or tea you are going to drink. Use ice cubes to cool water. Recycle leftover drinking water.
A small, but significant amount of water can be saved.

Promote Water Conservation at the Table
Don’t let waiter bring water unless you request it. Discourage automatic refilling of empty water glass. Use paper cups at drinking fountains whenever possible to avoid water waste.
A small, but significant amount of water can be saved. 

Pipes
Insulate Hot Water Pipes. Water is wasted if you turn on hot water tap and wait for hot water to "come up." To reduce waste, wrap hot water pipes with insulating material. Make sure faucets are turned off when not in use.
A medium amount of water can be saved. 

Shower
Shorter, Lighter Showers. Turn off water while soaping up. See how light a spray you can wash with. Less that 5 minutes for a shower is adequate (an egg timer is a good tool to use). Any longer comes under the heading of recreation.
A large amount of water can be saved. 

Toilet
Flush Less Often. Flush only feces, urine & toilet paper. Use waste container for tissues, trash, hair, paper towels, paper diapers, etc. Be sure not to flush more often than necessary.
A large amount of water can be saved.

Repair Leaks
Add a few drops of food coloring to water in tank. If coloring appears in toilet after one hour without flushing, there is a leak. Also, listen for sound of running water.
A medium amount of water can be saved.

Add Bottles to Tank
Use plastic bottles filled with water and weighted with pebbles to displace water in tank. Be sure not to obstruct float. DO NOT USE BRICKS. They may flake and clog tubes and valves and if dropped, could crack tank.
A large amount of water can be saved.


Bathroom Sink
Shave & Brush Teeth the Water Saving Way. Clean razor and toothbrush with an occasional burst of water. For teeth, use cup to rinse. Try an electric razor – uses electricity but saves water, soap, laundry, and blades.
A small, but significant amount of water can be saved.

Bathtub
Don’t overfill tub. A full tub holds 50+ gallons. You can bathe adequately with one quarter as much. Clean tub while you are in. Mark height of water with tape during bath. Next time, take shower with tub stopped. Then compare water level.
A large amount of water can be saved.

Don’t Waste Cold Water
Stopper tub before turning on water. Initial cold water can be warmed by adding hot water later. Small kids can go in together. Consider recycling bath water (if not too dirty) for heavy cleaning.
A medium amount of water can be saved.

Washing Machine
Wash Efficiently. Use load selector for large or small loads if there is one. Otherwise, wash only full loads. Use cold water. You won’t save water, but you will save energy and money. Try using less detergent.
A large amount of water can be saved.

Buy a Water Saver
When you buy a new machine, select one that uses the least water per pound of wash. Get a suds-saver attachment. Be sure to check energy consumption – buy a machine, which uses less water and energy.
A large amount of water can be saved. 

Utility Sink
Hand Wash Efficiently. Soak well with smallest possible quantity of a low suds detergent. Save rinse water for next wash. Just add soap. Presoak very dirty items overnight.
A large amount of water can be saved. 

Faucets
Repair Leaks. Check all faucets, including outside hose connections for leaks. Replace worn washers, 0 – rings, packing and faulty fixtures. A periodic "leak check" (at least twice a year) should be conducted on all faucets from cellar to attic.
A medium amount of water can be saved.

Other Water Conservation Measures 
Appliances:  Check connection faucets and hoses for leaks. Turn off connecting faucets when not in use to preserve equipment and to avoid leaks.

Water Pipes: Inspect regularly for pinhole leaks or leaks in connections. A pinhole leak can waste up to 170 gallons of water a day.


Why save water?
Clean drinking water is a vanishing resource

Water saved is money saved

Saving water reduces waste loads

Water saved is money saved because you’ll pay lower water and sewer bills. As an added bonus, when you use less hot water, your fuel bills go down as well. Even if you are on well water, saving water reduces electric costs of pump operation and also reduces the amount of waste going to your septic tank.

For more information contact your plumber or hardware store or your state government environmental office.

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Hydrant Flushing Cancelled 4/21 - 4/25
Because of the water main break this week - Flushing is cancelled and will resume Week of 4/29 through 5/2. The General Services Department, Highway & Utilities Division, will begin its annual flushing of water mains. Read on...
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